William Conceição Hering - Agro Castanheiras
The long apprenticeship at Fazenda Castanheiras demanded a lot of persistence and a lot of work (quite expensive), plus the authentic LOVE to the environment and to the " next ", which resulted the maintenance, for many decades, of a reliable staff.
The harvest of the Palmito seeds is quite simple. Just use a ladder, and pick them up...
Twenty-five years ago we performed experiments sowing Jussara Palm trees in the native forest. We realized that its germination was an actual "fiasco" (failure). However, having realized the proliferation of these Palmtrees' (Euterpe edulis) seedlings through 'natural dispersion' in the oldest Cunninghamia forest (planted in 1942), where birds of all species (Toucans, Parakeets, among others) as well the Bugios (Monkeys), we began a new experiment. We planted the seeds in the Cunninghamias groves (Areas : Pat-1 and Pat-2). Their germination there was a real success! This, due to the regular "half-shadow" provided there, characteristic of the Cunninghamia forests after the removal of the branches up to the height of approximately 15 meters;
phase of effective planting begins in the midst
of the eucalyptus
sub-forests : a) - " Leiras " are widened very
well in the middle of the eucalyptus;
b) - During the rainy season
they're transplanted in a suitable spacing and the removal of the
have a culturally relevant characteristic: The
remaining stump, after the tree was cut,
seedlings of the first planted area in 1942 - now called the "Black Forest"
were the product of a "courtesy" of the Cie.
Melhoramentos de S.Paulo - Caieiras, in order to
encourage us on reforresting.
expansion of our Cunninghamia plantations, given
the limited amount of seedlings available at the
"Horto", we contacted a friend in Hong Kong, who
provided us seeds, which he brought to
California and stored them in
the refrigerator. From there I brought them to
S. Paulo. The germination of
these in our greenhouse
Also, in order not to waste valuable labor in the future, on maintenance of internal roads, we paved the internal streets, with grass in the center, in an extension of 6.5 Kms , reaching the very Southern end of the area;
employees are now committed on opening a new
parallel track on the west side of the area to allow
the movement of the security along the entire
perimeter of the property, by motorcycle, auto
or tractor. All this,
demands a lot of dedication from the
Castanheiras team .
Regarding the planting of
"manaca de Jardim"
Many years ago we found the native "Manacá de Jardim" amid the eucalyptus sub-forests. We transplanted many, to the edge of the Alameda Castanheiras. Few years later, we harvested their seeds which were sown in the greenhouse, in individual bags.
Thereafter they were gradually planted along the other internal roads and are object of periodic mowing and pruning. All that demands a lot of labour and guidance.
GUAPURUVU in the Reserva Castanheiras
In 1954, in the Horto Florestal, a curious fact occurred. The nurseryman in charge at the time, handed me a native seedling to make an experiment among the Cunninghamias seedlings he provided. It was planted and fully "Forgotten". In 2014 ( 60 years later ), for the very first time, seeds fell from that tree. Only then we realized that it was an immense Guapuruvu, a species in extinction, that was predominantly used for the construction of canoes and also called "FICHEIRA" (in the past they used also such seeds as 'chips' in card games as well as ornaments.
All seeds collected from the ground were carefully cultivated in our greenhouse and planted in different points in the Forest Reserve. They did remarkably well ! From then on they integrated our yearly list of native species planted (two annual Hectares) as RPPN-"Volunteer".
(Meanwhile the original 60 years old tree (since 2014) did not through seeds, until today 2018) ;
Below - a
complete set of photos containing panoramic
views of the area : http://agroreserve.com/PHOTOS.html
DEPAVE visitors' team - Engineers and Technicians (Sept.3-2018)