| Pine knots
Every year they
more scarce. We may anticipate that in a decade or so the
de Pinho" will not be available anymore. The ones presently used are
of the trees which existed hundreds or thousand years ago.
hundreds of years, those huge Araucaria-trunks kept falling to the
due to "aging" (the end of their life cycle), or being struck
by lightnings, fires etc.
plowing their land, farmers collect the knots found, pile them up for
an "additional income", selling them as "fire-wood".
East was for thousands of years covered by the so called
for Native forests along the Atlantic coast). Particularly in the
Southern States: Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul,
Paulo and Minas Gerais, one of the dominant species was the
designated "Pinheiro do Paraná" - araucaria
and araucaria brasiliensis.
up to 52 meters height and their trunk up to 8,5 meters circumference.
Their cones are shaped like a ball with over 30 cm diameter and provide
seeds averaging 6 cm length. (These are edible for humans and a "treat"for animals... ( boiled
with addition of some salt and butter, a "treat"
(thousands of saw-mills) exploited these Araucaria forests almost to
mainly for export. That "boom" provided thousands of
lasted until last century( mid 1950's)
nowadays protect the natural forests and particularly the
of Araucaria forests. These days, the cutting of any Araucaria, as well
as any native tree, requires a special permit from the local