| According to our experience during
the last five DECADES, we realized that it was a sound decision, 18
years ago, to replace the rotten wood-steps, by the
concrete steps along all the trails at the Castanheiras Estate (138
Hectare), as well as at the Umuarama Estate (244 Hectare).
ADVANTAGES of the concrete steps:
1 - Last forever; 2 - Save much labour and management charges along the decades;
3 - Are appropriate for the actual trees' preservation ( Trees shall not be cut for making steps !); 4 - are apropriate to be carried (at least 2 the same time) to distant segments of steep trails; 5 - Actually prevent slipping (Accidents on distant spots), while the wet wooden steps become slippery with the time; 6 - These steps proved also to prevent the EROSION along the trails;
Practical exprerience related to steps provided for steeper parts of walking trails:A decade ago, realized that the wood-steps used at steeper trails'segments became slippery and also deteriorated after some years. Their replacement demanded costly labour and wood, added to managament expenses.
Thus we decided, gradually to replace the wood-steps by the ones made of concrete (as seen on these photos). They, proved lasting forever.
Since then, there are systematically being produced 35 concrete steps monthly, for replacing the deteriorated wooden ones. After some time there shall be no more waste on that behalf.
After a while vegetation grew around the steps, thus preventing erosion.
Vende-se Pizzaria Forno a Lenha